Psalm 45. To the Choirmaster, According to Lilies.
a Love Song. Lesson 3.

Key Notes: Jesus in His heavenly splendor. Come, let us adore Him.

This Psalm is a description of a uniquely handsome and powerful king on his wedding day. It is in five parts. The code for the notation used here is explained in Lesson 1, Psa.23.

A code for a rhythm of ideas:
        =  synonymous ideas
     (=) synonymous ideas with verbal repetition
        >> focusing, intensification of thought
        << a lessening of intensity
       -> a consequential idea, an outcome
       {  } complementing ideas

45:1   "My heart overflows with a goodly theme; >> I address my verses to the king;  -> my tongue is like the pen of a ready scribe."

45:2   "You are the most handsome of men; -> grace is poured upon your lips; ->  therefore God has blessed You forever."

45:3   "Gird your sword on your thigh, O Mighty One, >> in your glory and majesty."

45:4   "In Your majesty ride on victoriously -> [for the cause of truth   =   and to defend the right with meekness;] -> let Your right hand teach You dread deeds."

45:5   "Your arrows are sharp in the heart of the king’s enemies; -> the peoples fall under You."

45:6   "Your throne, O God, endures forever and ever. << Your royal scepter is a scepter of equity;"

45:7   "You love righteousness  = and hate wickedness. -> Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of gladness beyond your companions;"

45:8   "Your robes are all fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia. = From ivory palaces stringed instruments make You glad;"

45:9   "daughters of kings are among Your ladies of honor; >> at your right hand stands the queen in gold of Ophir."
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45:10   "Hear, O daughter, = consider = and incline your ear;
forget your people  >>  and your father’s house,"

45:11   "and the King will desire your beauty. >>  Since He is Your Lord, bow to him;"

45:12–13   "the people of Tyre will seek your favor with gifts,  >>   the richest of the people with all kinds of wealth."
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The princess is decked in her chamber with gold-woven robes;

45:14  -> "in many-colored robes she is led to the King; behind her the virgins, = her companions, follow."

45:15   "With joy and gladness they are led along  -> as they enter the palace of the King."
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45:16   "In the place of ancestors you,{ O king,} shall have sons;  >>  you will make them princes in all the earth."

45:17   "I will cause your name to be celebrated in all generations;  -> therefore the peoples will praise you forever and ever."

Comments
Psalm 45 is a love-song. We wonder at its lush, opulent, oriental richness.--ivory palaces, daughters of kings, gold and perfume. Who is loving? Who is loved?
First, the author is the one loving. He is a son of Korah, one of the priestly tribe. He loves the King, and addresses his verses to him. He is overflowing from his heart, writing clearly and elegantly. And also, it is a wedding song, a love-song for the King and his Queen / bride.

The King is described in superlatives--the most handsome man, speech full of grace, blessed by God, reigning in truth and righteousness. The nations collapse under His power. His throne endures forever; He loves the right and hates evil. God has anointed Him above His fellows. His clothes are fragrant. Gorgeous music from ivory-paneled palaces accompany Him. {Ivory was used in wealthy Israelite houses, so this is not an exaggeration. (IK.22:39; Amos 3:15)}. At His right hand stands the queen in gold jewelry.

Could this be Solomon? Solomon's victory over enemies was complete and for 40 years Israel had peace under his reign. However, we have negative ideas of Solomon's marriages and do not wish to think of him as a model figure. Yet Jesus said "a greater than Solomon is here" (Lk.11:31) suggesting the esteem in which Solomon was still held a thousand years later, and was surpassed by Christ Himself.

We come to the startling expression "Your throne, O God, is forever and ever". Translators have variously tried to soften this to "Your Divine throne endures for ever and ever, or "Your throne is a throne of God". But the Hebrew and LXX translates it as a direct address, and so does Heb.1:8 which quotes it as proof for Jesus' deity. Clearly Jesus is the one referred to.
What about "God, your God"? Can God be two? Note Jesus' word: "I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God." (Jn.20:17). In this He shows His unique relationship to God, different from that of the disciples. He is both God and related to God, God the Son related to God the Father.

The next two sections describe the bridal procession

The scene shifts and the singer addresses the Queen-bride. She is a princess, the daughter of a king, clothed in gold garments. Three times he claims her attention. Forget your home. The king will desire you. The rewards are very great. Then the scene shifts again to a description of the bridal procession.

Jesus described Himself as the Bridegroom. (Matt.9:15). The bride of Christ is the Church, clearly spoken of in Ephesians 5:21, modeled after a human marriage. She needs to pay attention to Christ.

Finally, the king is addressed again. (The address, "O King" is not in the Hebrew but is implied by the use of masculine endings.) His sons will be princes in all the earth. The king's name will be celebrated and praised forever.

Messages of the psalm:
•Jesus is the One addressed here. He is beautiful in His Heavenly existence, very different from the poverty and humility of His earthy life, when “He had no beauty that we should desire Him.” (Isa.53:2). The hymns that sing of his beauty are not exaggerated. The gorgeous altar pieces of the medieval churches say something about Him that we have forgotten.

•His agenda is truth, righteousness, and equity. Truth is the truth about the Creation, mankind, God and the future. (Jn.8:31–36). Righteousness is God's purity put to our account by Jesus' sacrifice. Equity is God's judgment of the wicked and the righteous based on what they have done with Jesus.
•His throne and kingdom are forever. It will not be disestablished, even though it may appear to be.
•Our part is to listen carefully to this instruction: we are to forget the world behind us and bow to Him. We are very prone to look around, to keep current in the world's culture. The rewards for following Him are immeasurable.
•Celebrate Jesus.

"My Lord has garments so wondrous fine, and myrrh their texture fills; its fragrance reached to this heart of mine; with joy my being thrills. Out of the ivory palaces, into a world of woe, only His great eternal love made my Savior go." –Henry Barraclough

"Altogether lovely, He is altogether lovely, He's the fairest of ten thousand, this wonderful Lord to me, He gave Himself to save me and He lives again to keep me, He is altogether lovely, this wonderful Savior of mine."—Wendell Loveless

"The name of Jesus is so sweet, I love its music to repeat. It makes my joy full and complete, the precious name of Jesus."
--W.C. Martin

"Fairest Lord Jesus, Ruler of all Nature, O Thou of God and man the Son, Thee will I cherish, Thee will I honor, Thou my soul's glory, joy and crown." --Anonymous