Proverbs. The Lord.
Key Notes: The fear of the Lord. The Lord and the human mind. The Lord of righteousness and justice.
This lesson compiles the Proverbs texts where the word "LORD" appears. The texts sort into six categories. The "fear of the LORD" is the phrase that pulls all of the first passages together. Poverty and prosperity, the human mind, righteousness and justice, sovereignty and discipline also have many cross-references.
The Old Testament is foundational for Christian doctrine. It is "The Scriptures" of Jesus' teaching. (Jn.5:39). These passages illuminate much about God and our interaction with Him. He is to be feared. He disciplines are for those who love him. He gives prosperity and protects the poor. He knows what we think and may control what we do. He is righteous and just, hating evil. He is sovereign over the affairs of the world.
The fear of the Lord.
"The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction." (Prov. 1:7)
"The fear of the LORD is instruction in wisdom, and humility goes before honor." (Prov. 15:33)
"Do not be wise in your own eyes; fear the LORD, and turn away from evil." (Prov. 3:7)
His fear governs action.
"By loyalty and faithfulness iniquity is atoned for, and by the fear of the LORD one avoids evil." (Prov. 16:6)
"Do not let your heart envy sinners, but always continue in the fear of the LORD." (Prov. 23:17)
"Those who walk uprightly fear the LORD, but one who is devious in conduct despises Him." (Prov. 14:2)
"The fear of the LORD is hatred of evil. Pride and arrogance and the way of evil and perverted speech I hate." (Prov. 8:13)
"One’s own folly leads to ruin, yet the heart rages against the LORD." (Prov. 19:3)
"My child, fear the LORD and the king, and do not disobey either of them; for disaster comes from them suddenly, and who knows the ruin that both can bring?" (Prov. 24:21–22)
Rewards of fearing the LORD.
" The reward for humility and fear of the LORD is riches and honor and life." (Prov. 22:4)
"For whoever finds me (Wisdom) finds life and obtains favor from the LORD; but he who misses me injures himself; all who hate me love death." (Prov. 8:35)
"The fear of the LORD prolongs life, but the years of the wicked will be short." (Prov. 10:27)
"The fear of the LORD is a fountain of life, so that one may avoid the snares of death." (Prov. 14:27)
"Better is a little with the fear of the LORD than great treasure and trouble with it." (Prov. 15:16)
"In the fear of the LORD one has strong confidence, and one’s children will have a refuge." (Prov. 14:26)
"Charm is deceitful, and beauty is vain, but a woman who fears the LORD is to be praised." (Prov. 31:30)
The LORD's discipline.
"My child, do not despise the LORD’s discipline or be weary of His reproof." (Prov. 3:11)
" ...for the LORD reproves the one He loves, as a father the son in whom he delights." (Prov. 3:12)
"...for the LORD gives wisdom; from His mouth come knowledge and understanding;" (Prov. 2:6)
"Trust in the LORD with all your heart, and do not rely on your own insight. In all your ways acknowledge Him and He will direct your paths." (Prov. 3:5–6)
The Lord, the poor and the prosperous.
"Do not rob the poor because they are poor, or crush the afflicted at the gate; for the LORD pleads their cause and despoils of life those who despoil them." (Prov. 22:22–23)
"The rich and the poor have this in common: the LORD is the maker of them all." (Prov. 22:2)
"The poor and the oppressor have this in common: the LORD gives light to the eyes of both." (Prov. 29:13)
"The LORD does not let the righteous go hungry, but He thwarts the craving of the wicked." (Prov. 10:3)
"The greedy person stirs up strife, but whoever trusts in the LORD will be enriched." (Prov. 28:25)
"The LORD tears down the house of the proud, but maintains the widow’s boundaries." (Prov. 15:25)
"Honor the LORD with your substance and with the first fruits of all your produce; then your barns will be filled with plenty, and your vats will be bursting with wine." (Prov. 3:9–10)
" The blessing of the LORD makes rich, and He adds no sorrow with it." (Prov. 10:22)
"House and wealth are inherited from parents, but a prudent wife is from the LORD." (Prov.’:14)
The Lord and the human mind.
He reads our thoughts.
"The human spirit is the lamp of the LORD, searching every inmost part." (Prov. 20:27)
"For human ways are under the eyes of the LORD, and he examines all their paths." (Prov. 5:21)
"Crooked minds are an abomination to the LORD, but those of blameless ways are His delight." (Prov. 11:20)
"The eyes of the LORD are in every place, keeping watch on the evil and the good." (Prov. 15:3)
"The eyes of the LORD keep watch over knowledge, but he overthrows the words of the faithless." (Prov. 22:12)
" Sheol and Abaddon lie open before the LORD, how much more human hearts!" (Prov. 15:11)
"The crucible is for silver, and the furnace is for gold, but the LORD tests the heart." (Prov. 17:3)
" All one’s ways may be pure in one’s own eyes, but the LORD weighs the spirit." (Prov. 16:2)
"All deeds are right in the sight of the doer, but the LORD weighs the heart." (Prov. 21:2)
He directs us.
"The plans of the mind belong to mortals, but the answer of the tongue is from the LORD." (Prov. 16:1)
" Commit your work to the LORD, and your plans will be established." (Prov. 16:3)
"Those who are attentive to a matter will prosper, and happy are those who trust in the LORD." (Prov. 16:20)
"The human mind plans the way, but the LORD directs the steps." (Prov. 16:9)
"All our steps are ordered by the LORD; how then can we understand our own ways?" (Prov. 20:24)
He is the Lord of righteousness and justice.
"To do righteousness and justice is more acceptable to the LORD than sacrifice." (Prov. 21:3)
"There are six things that the LORD hates, seven that are an abomination to him: haughty eyes, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood, a heart that devises wicked plans, feet that hurry to run to evil, a lying witness who testifies falsely, and one who sows discord among brothers." (Prov. 6:16–19)
"A false balance is an abomination to the LORD, but an accurate weight is His delight." (Prov. 11:1)
"Honest balances and scales are the LORD’s; all the weights in the bag are His work." (Prov. 16:11)
"One who justifies the wicked and one who condemns the righteous are both alike an abomination to the LORD." (Prov. 17:15)
"The evil do not understand justice, but those who seek the LORD understand it completely." (Prov. 28:5)
"Many seek the favor of a ruler, but it is from the LORD that one gets justice." (Prov. 29:26)
"The LORD is far from the wicked, but He hears the prayer of the righteous." (Prov. 15:29)
"The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the LORD, but the prayer of the upright is His delight." (Prov. 15:8)
" Evil plans are an abomination to the LORD, but gracious words are pure." (Prov. 15:26)
" The mouth of a loose woman is a deep pit; he with whom the LORD is angry falls into it." (Prov. 22:14)
"The way of the LORD is a stronghold for the upright, but destruction for evildoers." (Prov. 10:29)
" All those who are arrogant are an abomination to the LORD; be assured, they will not go unpunished." (Prov. 16:5)
"The LORD’s curse is on the house of the wicked, but He blesses the abode of the righteous." (Prov. 3:33)
"Do not say, “I will repay evil”; wait for the LORD, and He will help you." (Prov. 20:22)
"If your enemies are hungry, give them bread to eat; and if they are thirsty, give them water to drink; for you will heap coals of fire on their heads, and the LORD will reward you." (Prov. 25:21–22)
The Lord is Sovereign.
"The LORD by wisdom founded the earth; by understanding He established the heavens;" (Prov. 3:19)
"The LORD has made everything for its purpose, even the wicked for the day of trouble." (Prov. 16:4)
"The hearing ear and the seeing eye — the LORD has made them both." (Prov. 20:12)
"No wisdom, no understanding, no counsel, can avail against the LORD." (Prov. 21:30)
"The horse is made ready for the day of battle, but the victory belongs to the LORD." (Prov. 21:31)
The Lord gives peace and security.
"Do not be afraid of sudden panic, or of the storm that strikes the wicked; for the LORD will be your confidence and will keep your foot from being caught." (Prov. 3:25–26)
"The Name of the LORD is a strong tower; the righteous run into it and are safe." (Prov.‘:10)
" When the ways of people please the LORD, He causes even their enemies to be at peace with them." (Prov. 16:7)
'"The fear of others lays a snare, but one who trusts in the LORD is secure." ( Prov. 29:25)