I Kings 5. A House For David. A House For God.

The great achievement of Solomon's career was building the Temple, called Solomon's Temple. As we shall see, it was not his initiative or design. He took a plan from his father, David, and put his country to work carrying it out. In IKings 5, the groundwork of materials and labor is laid out.

IK.5:1–12
Hiram, king of Tyre, on the Mediterranean coast of Lebanon, sent a note of congratulations to Solomon. Hiram had loved David. His address to Solomon (5:7) suggests that he may have been a believer in the true God.
Solomon credited David with the charge to build, and noted that atime of peace was appropriate for such a project. He asked Hiram to provide cedar logs for building, with their servants working together. Hiram rafted the logs along the seacoast from Lebanon to Joppa. (IIChron.2:16). Solomon gave Hiram in return 125,000 bushels of wheat and 115,000 gallons of olive oil yearly.

IK.5:13–18 Solomon used slave labor of 30,000 men, rotating them 10,000 at a time to work in Lebanon. He also had local 70,000 stevedores and 80,000 stone masons, with 3,300 foremen, quarrying out limestone for the foundation. Limestone was abundant in Israel.

Clearly this was a huge and very expensive project. The work of  building the Temple hides much work done quietly and without fanfare. There were about seven preliminary steps which require a search of II Samuel and I Chronicles.

Phase I. IISam.6:12–19. David got the Ark of the Covenant safely into Jerusalem.

Phase II. IISam.7:1–3. David, resting from war, proposed to build a temple for God. He lived in a house of cedar; the Ark was in a tent. Nathan the prophet encouraged him to go ahead. IISam.7:4–17. But God spoke to Nathan at night and gave him a much different message for David. God deflected David, pointing out that He was more concerned with David's successful career and the peace of Israel.
God countered David's offer. You want to build Me a house? I will build you a house. I will establish your kingdom through your son. I will chasten him, but not withdraw from him as I did from Saul.
"He shall build a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his Kingdom for ever." (7:13)
"And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure for ever before Me; your throne shall be established for ever." (7:16)

Phase III. Site selected. David offered sacrifices of repentance for numbering the people on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite, and decided that the Temple should be there. (IChron.22:1). Tradition says that this site was Mt. Moriah where Abraham was going to sacrifice his son Isaac.

Phase IV. Stock-piles of materials came from spoils of war. David had collected iron for nails and bronze and timber. (IChron.22:30). He donated 100,000 talents of gold, a million talents of silver, as well as stone and timber. (IChron.22:14–16). {One talent = 20 kilograms, about 70 lb.} He also had onyx and other stones for setting, antimony (a soft metal used to mount a cut stone), precious stones and marble as well as very fine gold from Ophir for overlaying. IChron.29:2–4

Phase V. The plan came to Solomon through David from God. "David gave Solomon his son the plan of the vestibules of the temple, and of its houses, its treasuries, etc." (IChron.28:11–18)
"All this he made clear by the writing from the hand of the LORD concerning it, all the work to be done according to the plan." (IChron.28:19)

Phase VI. Gathering support. David invited the leaders, the heads of fathers' houses to give. "They gave for the service of the house of God 5000 talents and 10,000 darics of gold, 10,000 talents of silver, 18,000 talents of bronze, and 100,000 talents of iron." (IChron.29:7). They also gave precious stones.

Phase VII. Solomon and the Tyreans began the building with rafts of logs from cedars of Lebanon, newly quarried stone and David's materials and plans. Huram of Tyre, son of a Jewish widow, a bronze-caster, also contributed special skill. IK.7:13–14

Comment:
David offered a temple to God. God countered with a house for David, a monarchy that would begin with him and his son Solomon. The key word is "forever". We see a problem at once because the monarchy ceased after 586BC with the fall of Jerusalem. No Israelite king was on the throne at any time since then.
The solution to the apparent contradiction is laid out in OT teaching.

Israel's commonwealth depended on her obedience to God. If she failed, she would be deported, ending any sort

of government. This was prophesied by Moses.
 "And if in spite of this you will not harken to me...I will scatter you among the nations...." (Lev.26:27–33)
 "The LORD will bring you, and your king whom you have set over you, to a nation that neither you nor your fathers' have known...." (Deut.28:36)
It was also prophesied by Solomon,
 "If they sin against Thee...so that they are carried away captive to the land of the enemy...." (IK.8:46)

So the promise of a "forever" monarchy must be harmonized with the foregone conclusion that Israel would go into exile. We note in Matt.1:12–16 that through the exile, the family line of David was intact up to Christ. Then Christ declared that "the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand". (Matt.4:17)

"Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end, upon the throne of David and over his kingdom to establish and uphold it with justice and righteousness from this time forth and for evermore." (Isa.9:7)
So God did not abandon his covenant or the promise to David, even though 600 years passed (586BC-32AD) when there was colonial rule by successive conquerors--Babylonians, Persians, Greeks and Romans--political disruption and 400 years of prophetic silence. [It seems to me a warning not to be too exact in charting End-time events.]

God was building His House all along.
•Jacob saw a glimpse of it--"Bethel", the House of God--with angels descending and ascending to God. Gen.28:10–17
•Moses served in it. Heb.3:5
•Christ is the builder of the House. Heb.3:6
•We are the House (Heb.3:6) "a dwelling place for God in the Spirit" (Eph.2:22), "living stones built into a spiritual house". (IPet.2:5)

David wanted to make a gold and cedar temple, a beautiful box for God. God countered with the eternal Son of David, Christ our Lord. David said "You have shown me future generations {or "the Torah of Mankind"}." (IISam.7:19). How does the promise to David of an eternal kingdom become a universal law for the human race?

•God provided a spiritual focus for worship in Christ--"neither in this mountain nor in Jerusalem...." (Jn.4:21).
  •In Christ God provided The Way to Himself. Jn.14:6
  •Eventually Christ the King will rule the world, literally fulfilling the promise of (Psa.2:8). "Ask of me and I will make the nations your heritage and the ends of the earth your possession." (Psa.2:8)
  •In the interim, Christ is Lord and King to those who obey Him.

David made God an attractive material offer. God gave him back an infinite gift. What would happen to us if we decided to give something to God? Will God give us nothing back? If we give ourselves to God, what will He give back? Jesus said,"And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or children or lands, for my name's sake, will receive a hundred-fold, and inherit eternal life." (Matt.19:29)

Could the promise to David also apply to our offspring? David's offspring were part of the promise to him.
"The steadfast love of the Lord is from everlasting to everlasting upon those who fear Him, and His righteousness to children's children, to those who keep His covenant and remember to do His commandments." (Psa.103:17)

God wants to bless our offspring too. Let us pray for that.