A Summary of Hebrews Warnings.

Key Notes: Eight sets of warning, exhortation and encouragement. Never turn back.

There are two themes running through the book of Hebrews:
A. Christ is superior--superior to prophets and angels (1–2:18), superior to Moses and Joshua (3–4:13), and Aaron 4:14–7:28), with a perfect sacrifice and a new covenant. 8–10:18

B. Pastoral concerns are expressed as warnings against apostasy. Study of the text suggests a three-part structure for the warnings about apostasy, repeated  six-eight times: an exhortation (something to do), a dire warning (something to avoid) and an encouragement (something to hang onto). The negative is sandwiched between two positives. In some cases there is more than one encouragement or more than one exhortation.

1) EXHORTATION. Heb. 1:1–2   Long ago God spoke to our ancestors in many and various ways by the prophets,  but in these last days He has spoken to us by a Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom He also created the worlds. Heb. 2:1–4. Therefore we must pay greater attention to what we have heard, so that we do not drift away from it.
   WARNING. Heb. 2:2–4. For if the message declared through angels was valid, and every transgression or disobedience received a just penalty,  how can we escape if we neglect so great a salvation? It was declared at first through the Lord, and it was attested to us by those who heard Him, while God added His testimony by signs and wonders and various miracles, and by gifts of the Holy Spirit, distributed according to His will.
   ASSURANCE. a.) Heb. 2:14–15. Since, therefore, the children share flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared the same things, so that through death He might destroy the one who has the power of death, that is, the devil,  and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by the fear of death. For it is clear that He did not come to help angels, but the descendants of Abraham.
   ASSURANCE. b.) Heb. 2:17–18. Therefore He had to become like His brothers and sisters in every respect, so that He might be a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make a sacrifice of atonement for the sins of the people. Because He Himself was tested by what He suffered, He is able to help those who are being tested.

2) EXHORTATION. Heb. 3:7–8. Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says, 'Today, when you hear His voice,  do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, as on the day of testing in the wilderness....'
    WARNING. Heb. 3:12–13. Take care, brothers and sisters, that none of you may have an evil, unbelieving heart that turns away from the living God. But exhort one another every day, as long as it is called “today,” so that none of you may be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin.
    ASSURANCE. Heb. 4:9–10. So then, a Sabbath rest still remains for the people of God; for those who enter God’s rest also cease from their labors as God did from His.

3) EXHORTATION. Heb. 6:1–3.Therefore let us go on toward perfection, leaving behind the basic teaching about Christ, and not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works and faith toward God, instruction about baptisms, laying on of hands, resurrection of the dead, and eternal judgment. And we will do this, if God permits.
    WARNING. Heb. 6:4–6 For it is impossible to restore again to repentance those who have once been enlightened, and have tasted the heavenly gift, and have shared in the Holy Spirit, and have tasted the goodness of the word of God and the powers of the age to come, and then have fallen away, since on their own they are crucifying again the Son of God and are holding Him up to contempt.
     ASSURANCE. a.) Heb. 6:9–10. Even though we speak in this way, beloved, we are confident of better things in your case, things that belong to salvation. For God is not unjust; He will not overlook your work and the love that you showed for His sake in serving the saints, as you still do.
     ASSURANCE. b.) Heb. 6:19–20. We have this hope, a sure and steadfast anchor of the soul, a hope that enters the inner shrine behind the curtain, where Jesus, a forerunner on our behalf, has entered, having become a High Priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.

4) EXHORTATION. Heb. 10:19–23. Therefore, my friends, since we have confidence to enter the sanctuary by the blood of Jesus, by the new and living way that He opened for us through the curtain (that is, through His flesh),  and since we have a great priest over the house of God, let us approach with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water. Let us hold fast to the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who has promised is faithful.
    WARNING. Heb. 10:26–31. For if we willfully persist in sin after having received the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, but a fearful prospect of judgment, and a fury of fire that will consume the adversaries. Anyone who has violated the law of Moses dies without mercy “on the testimony of two or three witnesses.”   How much worse punishment do you think will be deserved by those who have spurned the Son of God, profaned the blood of the covenant by which they were sanctified, and outraged the Spirit of grace? For we know the One who said, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay.” And again, “The Lord will judge His people.” It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
    ASSURANCE. Heb. 10:32–35. But recall those earlier days when, after you had been enlightened, you endured a hard struggle with sufferings, sometimes being publicly exposed to abuse and persecution, and sometimes being partners with those so treated. For you had compassion for those who were in prison, and you cheerfully accepted the plundering of your possessions, knowing that you yourselves possessed something better and more lasting. Do not, therefore, abandon that confidence of yours; it brings a great reward.

5) EXHORTATION. Heb. 10:36–38. For you need endurance, so that when you have done the will of God, you may receive what was promised. For yet in a very little while, the One who is coming will come and will not delay;  but my righteous one will live by faith.
    WARNING. Heb. 10:38. My soul takes no pleasure in anyone who shrinks back
    ASSURANCE. Heb. 10:39. But we are not among those who shrink back and so are lost, but among those who have faith and so are saved.

6) EXHORTATION. Heb. 12:14. Pursue peace with everyone, and the holiness without which no one will see the Lord.
    WARNING. Heb. 12:15–17. See to it that no one fails to obtain the grace of God; that no root of bitterness springs up and causes trouble, and through it many become defiled. See to it that no one becomes like Esau, an immoral and godless person, who sold his birthright for a single meal. You know that later, when he wanted to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no chance to repent, even though he sought the blessing with tears.
    ASSURANCE. Heb. 12:18–19. You have not come to something that can be touched, a blazing fire, and darkness, and gloom, and a tempest, and the sound of a trumpet, and a voice whose words made the hearers beg that not another word be spoken to them. Heb. 12:22–24. But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering, and to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God the judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous made perfect, and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel.

7.EXHORTATION. Heb. 12:25. See that you do not refuse the One who is speaking;
   WARNING. Heb. 12:25. ...for if they did not escape when they refused the One who warned them on earth, how much less will we escape if we reject the One who warns from heaven!
   ASSURANCE. Heb. 12:28. ...we are receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken.

8) EXHORTATION. Heb. 12:28. let us give thanks, by which we offer to God an acceptable worship with reverence and awe;
    WARNING Heb. 12:29. for indeed our God is a consuming fire.
    ASSURANCE. Heb. 13:5. God has said " I will never fail you nor forsake you."

Digest. The numbers below refer to the outline.

What He wants us to do:
1. Pay greater attention to what we have heard, so that we do not drift away from it.
2. Today, if you hear His voice, respond.
3. Let us go on toward perfection, leaving behind the basic teaching about Christ.
4. Let us hold fast to the confession of our hope without wavering.
5. Gain endurance.
6. Seek peace and holiness.
7. Do not refuse the One who is speaking.
8. Give thanks, offering to God acceptable worship.

Persons he is concerned about:
1. Those who neglect so great a salvation.
2. Those who have an evil, unbelieving heart that turns away from the living God.
3. Those who have fallen away.
4. Ones who willfully persist in sin after having received the knowledge of the truth.
5. Those who shrink back.
6. One like Esau, who sold his birthright for a single meal.
7. Any who refuses the One who is speaking.
8. Those who do not worship God.

Consequences of apostasy:
1.How shall we escape?
2.They shall never enter my rest.
3. The end is to be burned.
4. Sorer punishment than death.
5. Destroyed.
6. Unable to repent.
7. How shall we escape?
8. God is a consuming fire.

Reasons for assurance.
1a. Through death He destroyed the one who has the power of death.
  b. Because He Himself was tested by what he suffered, He is able to help those who are being tested.
2. A Sabbath rest is available for the people of God. {Jesus is the Rest of God.}
3a. He will not overlook your work and the love that you showed for his sake.
  b. We have this hope, a sure and steadfast anchor of the soul.
4. You endured a hard struggle with sufferings.
5. We are among those who have faith and are saved.
6. You have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God.
7. We are receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken.
8. God will never forsake us.

1a,b, 2,3b. Jesus is our assurance.
3a,4,5. Our track record is good so far.
6a,b, 7,8. Our future is secure in God.

NEVER GIVE UP. NEVER TURN BACK. NEVER FEAR.